Remembering Les Copan
Les Copan July 22, 1926 to May 12, 2020 was the last remaining president. May he rest in power.
Copan, Leslie David
Les Copan FRCNA FCNRS passed away peacefully on May 12, 2020 in Burnaby, BC at the age of 93 years.
Predeceased by Ivy Beaton, his loving partner of 30 years, and by his children Lee, Michael, and Stephen, he is survived by his daughter Gail, grandson Robert and granddaughter Willow, and great-grandchildren Anthony, Kaitlyn, and Adam.
Les lived most of his life near and connected to the ocean; he joined the navy at 15, serving on the Pacific coast and aboard an escort minesweeper in the Atlantic during World War II. He remarked that he had sailed halfway to Europe many times but never actually made it all the way there.
Les worked as a longshoreman on the Vancouver waterfront from 1953 to 1988, being sworn in to the International Longshore & Warehouse Union in 1956. An early “safety nut”, Les often defied the employer and pushed back when he and his crew were asked to do something unsafe.
Serving as the last President of ILWU Local 501 and then the Vice-President and President of ILWU Local 500, Les was one of 10 union leaders jailed in June 1966 for refusing to comply with an injunction to force longshoremen to work on a statutory holiday. This refusal, jailing, and interruption of the 1966 collective agreement negotiations led to the BC government’s application of the labour code to longshoremen and ultimately to the removal of the court’s power to issue injunctions in many labour cases.
One of his notable accomplishments as a leader was to advocate for and convince the local membership to ratify an unusual extension of full retirement benefits to 27 members who had joined the union after the age of 40 and would otherwise not have been eligible for full pensions.
A passionate numismatist, Les was involved in the study and collection of currency from childhood onward. Recognized as Fellow of the Royal Canadian Numismatic Association (FRCNA) and as Fellow of the Canadian Numismatic Research Society (FCNRS), Les was active nationally and locally in the Vancouver Numismatic Society and North Shore Numismatic Society for decades.
A generous and giving man, Les believed in fairness and justice and fought hard for the rights of workers and social equality. An Honorary Life Member of the British Columbia New Democratic Party, Les volunteered, campaigned for, and supported candidates in his ridings at every level of government. An active volunteer, Les served on organizing committees and as general chairman of numerous Annual CNA Conventions from 1963 to 1977 and of the Pacific Coast Pensioners Association 1999 Convention.
Born in Victoria but reared in East Vancouver, in his later years he resided on a block to which he had delivered newspapers as a child. He donated generously each year to the school lunch program at the nearby elementary school he had attended some 80 years previous.
In celebration of Les Copan, please consider contributing to a food bank, school, union, or political party that is advancing his values.
Read below to learn the story of how he was instrumental to our great Union.
THE PRESIDENTS GO TO JAIL
In 1965, the federal government adopted the Canada Labour Standards Code governing hours of work, vacations, statutory holidays and other conditions of employment relating to industries under federal jurisdiction.
Of special interest to longshoremen was the provision granting eight paid general holidays per year. From time immemorial, employers in the industry had resisted statutory holiday provisions, arguing that they were impracticable in longshoring. They were not now about to grant the holidays merely to comply with the law.
The first test came on Good Friday 1966, when employers ordered longshoremen to work. The men, however, refused to do so and no work was done. In May, in preparation for Victoria Day, Ed Strang (General Manager of the employers’ association) asked the ILWU for assurance that there would be “no withholding of labour on the May 23rd holiday.” When the union refused to give such assurance, the employers applied for a Supreme Court injunction.
The court, in the person of Mr. Justice Ruttan, obliged the employers with an order forbidding any stoppage of work or picketing on Victoria Day, and requiring sixteen union officers to sign a notice complying with the injunction and post it on all union notice boards. The court, in other words, assisted the employers in defying the new legislation.
No officer of the ILWU complied with the outrageous order. To do so would have been to acknowledge the right of employers to use injunctions as a means of circumventing the law and of judges to issue such injunctions. Once again, therefore, no work was performed on the holiday.
The reaction of the employers was to cite Roy Smith, Canadian Area president and nine local presidents for contempt of court, that is, for disobeying the injunction. The local presidents were Les Copan, Don Garcia, Laing Mackie, Stan Ball, Ed Pilfold, William Foster, Bill Laurillard, Dave Mason and Vince Shannon. Mr. Justice Verchere fined Roy Smith $500 and each of the others $400, with the alternative of three months in prison.
All ten presidents elected to serve jail terms rather than pay the fines. Their reason for doing so was set out in a press release as follows:
“We chose to go to jail on June 17th because we felt that to pay our fines would be an encouragement to the employers’ tactics of seeking injunctions and fines as a means of harassing our union and draining its financial resources.”
One effect of the jailing of the leaders was to interrupt the negotiations for the 1966 collective agreement, since those jailed were the leading members of the negotiating committee. Since the collective agreement expired July 31st and the jail sentences ran to September 17th, one result of the hard-nosed action by the employers was to create the virtual certainty of a strike, with attendant disruption of shipping, and interruption of grain shipments which were of critical importance to the national economy. This inevitably brought the federal Department of Labour into the picture.
Labour Minister Nicholson reacted by announcing that his department would take steps to assure that the provisions of the labour code applied to longshoremen. He stated that he would amend the legislation if necessary. Following that announcement, the B.C. Federation of Labour took the initiative to pay the fines and procure the release of the imprisoned presidents after only three weeks of their sentences had been served.
The courageous actions of the union leaders in this matter had a number of important consequences. First, it taught the BCMEA and its hard-nosed arrogant manager, Ed Strang, that the ILWU could not be intimidated by the unfair use of injunctions. The employers gained a new respect for the union, which contributed in no small measure to improved industrial relations in the industry. An immediate result was the winning of statutory holiday rights for longshoremen.
Beyond that, this episode led to a new determination on the part of the B.C. Federation of Labour and the CLC to fight to curb the use of the courts as an employers’ weapon in collective bargaining. Their campaign bore fruit a few years later when the NDP government took the power to issue injunctions in labour cases out of the hands of the courts and made them the responsibility of the Labour Relations Board.
Al Staley, President of the B.C. Federation of Labour, paid tribute to the action of the longshoremen in the following words:
“We owe a great tribute to the courage of these brothers, who have gone to prison for a great principle – the freedom of choice. In this type of skullduggery by government, employers and the courts, we must stand up like the longshoremen. The impact of these unjust laws upon labour must be stopped.”
Thus, once again, the ILWU, in standing firmly on principle, won important gains, not only for its own members, but also for the whole labour movement.